Genet Med 2011 Feb;13(2):95-101
Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.
Purpose: This study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of long-term enzyme replacement therapy with idursulfase (recombinant human iduronate-2-sulfatase) in patients with Hunter syndrome.
Methods: All 94 patients who completed a 53-week double-blinded study of idursulfase enrolled in this open-labeled extension study and received intravenous idursulfase at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg weekly for 2 years, and clinical outcomes and safety were assessed.
Results: No change in percent predicted forced vital capacity was seen, but absolute forced vital capacity demonstrated sustained improvement and was increased 25.1% at the end of the study. Statistically significant increases in 6-minute walking test distance were observed at most time points. Mean liver and spleen volumes remained reduced throughout the 2-year extension study. Mean joint range of motion improved for the shoulder and remained stable in other joints. Both the parent- and child-assessed Child Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index Score demonstrated significant improvement. Infusion-related adverse events occurred in 53% of patients and peaked at Month 3 of treatment and declined thereafter. Neutralizing IgG antibodies were detected in 23% of patients and seemed to attenuate the improvement in pulmonary function.
Conclusions: Weekly infusions of idursulfase result in sustained clinical improvement during 3 years of treatment.