Clin Chim Acta 2011 Jan 7;412(1-2):181-5. Epub 2010 Oct 7.
Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.
Background: Diagnosis and follow-up of bone metastasis (BMet) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients usually rely on symptoms and image studies. A serum marker of bone resorption may improve the quality of treatment in such patients. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP5b) is a specific marker for osteoclasts and we proposed it can be used as a marker of BMet in NSCLC patients.
Methods: In November 2002 till August 2008 serum samples were obtained from 141 newly diagnosed stage IIIA, IIIB or IV NSCLC patients and 41 normal subjects. All patients received baseline bone scintinography examination and evaluation of clinical symptoms as a standard of BMet diagnosis. Patients were divided into 2 groups by having BMet (Group I, n = 72) or not (Group II, n = 69). An in-house immunoassay using a TRACP-specific monoclonal antibody, 14G6, was used to measure the serum TRACP5b activity at pH 6.1.
Results: The mean serum TRACP5b activities of Group I, Group II and normal subjects were 3.50 ± 2.2 3U/l, 2.09 ± 0.72 U/l and 2.33 ± 0.52 U/l, respectively. After adjusting for age, stage, gender, and histology in a generalized linear model, Group I has significantly higher TRACP5b activity than Group II (p < 0.001). The receiver operating characteristic analysis established a cutoff value of 2.551 U/l to identify BMet in NSCLC patients with a sensitivity of 63.9% and a specificity of 76.8%. TRACP5b activity declined in patients who responded to treatment (p = 0.047), and elevated in patients who developed new BMet (p = 0.05).
Conclusions: Serum TRACP5b activity test is a potentially useful adjunct in diagnosing and monitoring BMet in NSCLC. Further study is warranted to establish its real value in diagnosis and monitoring of BMet in NSCLC patients.