Pooled analyses of 13 prospective cohort studies on folate intake and colon cancer.

Cancer Causes Control 2010 Nov 5;21(11):1919-30. Epub 2010 Sep 5.

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chunchon, Korea.

Objective: Studies of folate intake and colorectal cancer risk have been inconsistent. We examined the relation with colon cancer risk in a series of 13 prospective studies.

Methods: Study- and sex-specific relative risks (RRs) were estimated from the primary data using Cox proportional hazards models and then pooled using a random-effects model.

Results: Among 725,134 participants, 5,720 incident colon cancers were diagnosed during follow-up. The pooled multivariate RRs (95% confidence interval [CI]) comparing the highest vs. lowest quintile of intake were 0.92 (95% CI 0.84-1.00, p-value, test for between-studies heterogeneity = 0.85) for dietary folate and 0.85 (95% CI 0.77-0.95, p-value, test for between-studies heterogeneity = 0.42) for total folate. Results for total folate intake were similar in analyses using absolute intake cutpoints (pooled multivariate RR = 0.87, 95% CI 0.78-0.98, comparing ≥ 560 mcg/days vs. <240 mcg/days, p-value, test for trend = 0.009). When analyzed as a continuous variable, a 2% risk reduction (95% CI 0-3%) was estimated for every 100 μg/day increase in total folate intake.

Conclusion: These data support the hypothesis that higher folate intake is modestly associated with reduced risk of colon cancer.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10552-010-9620-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3082430PMC
November 2010

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