Clin Dermatol 2010 Jul-Aug;28(4):384-90
Division of Dermatology and Cutaneous Sciences, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G3.
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Skin Therapy Lett 2010 Jun;15(6):4-7
Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Tobacco smoking is a serious and preventable health hazard that can cause or exacerbate a number of diseases and shorten life expectancy, but the role of smoking as an etiologic factor in the development of skin disease is largely unknown. Although epidemiological evidence is sparse, findings suggest that tobacco smoking is a contributing factor in systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriasis, palmoplantar pustulosis, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, hidradenitis suppurativa, and genital warts. In contrast, smoking may confer some protective effects and mitigate other skin diseases, notably pemphigus vulgaris, pyoderma gangrenosum, aphthous ulcers, and Behçet's disease. Read More
J Cutan Med Surg 2004 Nov-Dec;8(6):415-23
Division of Dermatology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Background: Cigarette smoking is the single biggest preventable cause of death and disability in developed countries and is a significant public health concern. While known to be strongly associated with a number of cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases and cancers, smoking also leads to a variety of cutaneous manifestations.
Objective: This article reviews the effects of cigarette smoking on the skin and its appendages. Read More
Actas Dermosifiliogr 2008 Apr;99(3):173-84
Servei de Dermatologia. Fundació Salut Empordà. Hospital de Figueres. Gerona. España.
Smoking is the main modifiable cause of disease and death in the developed world. Tobacco consumption is directly linked to cardiovascular disease, chronic bronchitis, and many malignant diseases. Tobacco also has many cutaneous effects, most of which are harmful. Read More
J Dermatol Sci 2007 Dec 24;48(3):169-75. Epub 2007 Oct 24.
Department of Geriatric and Environmental Dermatology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan.
Smoking tobacco is the most preventable cause of morbidity and is responsible for more than three million deaths a year worldwide. In addition to a strong association with a number of systemic diseases, smoking is also associated with many dermatological conditions, including poor wound healing, premature skin aging, squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma, oral cancer, acne, psoriasis, and hair loss. This review focuses on the effects of smoking on premature skin aging. Read More