Int J Hematol 2010 Jun 15;91(5):792-8. Epub 2010 May 15.
Department of Hematology, Copernicus Memorial Hospital, Medical University of Lodz, Ciolkowskiego 2, 93-510, Lodz, Poland.
Angiogenesis plays an important role in the biology of hematological malignancies, including essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV). Some data suggests that it has a role in the pathogenesis of thrombosis, the major clinical problem in ET and PV. The number of different subpopulations of circulating endothelial cells (CECs), plasma levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 and 2 (sVEGFR-1,2) and placenta growth factor (PlGF) were determined in 30 patients with ET and 16 patients with PV. Correlations between angiogenesis and JAK2-V617F mutational status, risk factors for thrombosis and coagulation activation markers were also assessed. The number of CEC subpopulations, were markedly higher in ET and PV patients, irrespective of JAK2-V617F status, when compared to the control group. The median values of activated CECs were markedly higher in PV patients with WBC >8.7 (x10(9)/l). Significantly higher VEGF plasma levels were found in ET patients and a similar trend was seen in PV patients in relation to healthy volunteers. The plasma levels of sVEGFR-1 were significantly higher, and PlGF levels markedly lower, in the ET and PV group than in controls. Our study also demonstrated markedly increased levels of D-dimer and TAT complexes in the patient groups. In conclusion, we found that angiogenesis, as measured by CEC numbers, is increased in ET and PV patients regardless of JAK2-V617F mutational status. Our results demonstrated that angiogenic cytokines interact with known thrombotic risk factors. We confirmed the coagulation activation in ET and PV patients but found no differences in levels of coagulation activation markers in relation to JAK2-V617F mutational status.