Nat Genet 2010 Jun 2;42(6):483-5. Epub 2010 May 2.
Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Schinzel-Giedion syndrome is characterized by severe mental retardation, distinctive facial features and multiple congenital malformations; most affected individuals die before the age of ten. We sequenced the exomes of four affected individuals (cases) and found heterozygous de novo variants in SETBP1 in all four. We also identified SETBP1 mutations in eight additional cases using Sanger sequencing. All mutations clustered to a highly conserved 11-bp exonic region, suggesting a dominant-negative or gain-of-function effect.