Shared learning shapes human performance: Transfer effects in task sharing.

Authors:
Nadia Milanese
Nadia Milanese
Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Italy
Cristina Iani
Cristina Iani
Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Italy
Sandro Rubichi
Sandro Rubichi
Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Italy

Cognition 2010 Jul 8;116(1):15-22. Epub 2010 Apr 8.

Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Italy.

We investigated whether performing a task with a co-actor shapes the way a subsequent task is performed. In four experiments participants were administered a Simon task after practicing a spatial compatibility task with an incompatible S-R mapping. In Experiment 1 they performed both tasks alongside another person; in Experiment 2 they performed the spatial compatibility task alone, responding to only one stimulus position, and the Simon task with another person; in Experiment 3, they performed the spatial compatibility task with another person and the Simon task alone; finally, in Experiment 4, they performed the spatial compatibility task alone and the Simon task with another person. The incompatible practice eliminated the Simon effect in Experiments 1 and 4. These results indicate that when a task is distributed between two participants with each one performing a different part of it, they tend to represent the whole task rather than their own part of it. This experience can influence the way a subsequent task is performed, as long as this latter occurs in a social context.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2010.03.010DOI Listing
July 2010
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