Clin Chem Lab Med 2010 Mar;48(3):329-36
Genomic Unit for the Diagnosis of Human Pathologies, Center for Genomics, Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.
Background: Several microdevices have been developed to perform only a single step of a genotyping process, such as PCR or detection by probe hybridization. Here, we describe a Lab-on-Chip (LoC) platform integrating a PCR amplification microreactor with a customable microarray for the detection of sequence variations on human genomic DNA.
Methods: Preliminary work was focused on developing the single analytical steps including PCR and labeling strategies of the amplified product by conventional reference systems. The optimized protocols included a 1:4 forward:reverse primer ratio for asymmetric PCR, and Cy5-dCTP multiple incorporation for the generation of a labeled PCR product to be hybridized to complementary probes bound to the chip surface.
Results: Final conditions were applied to the fully integrated LoC platform for the detection of the IVSI-110 G > A mutation in the human beta-globin (HBB) gene associated with beta-thalassemia, used as a model of genetic application, allowing for correct genotyping of 25 samples that were heterozygous, homozygous or wild-type for this mutation.
Conclusions: The overall results show that the present platform is very promising for rapid identification of DNA sequence variations in an integrated, cost effective and convenient silicon chip format.