Acad Med 2009 Oct;84(10):1440-6
Center for Women's Health Research, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 700 Regent Street, Suite 301, Madison, WI 53715, USA.
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J Appl Psychol 1994 Dec;79(6):909-17
Department of Psychology, Finch University of Health Sciences/The Chicago Medical School, Illinois 60064.
This study assessed whether moderately obese individuals, especially women, would be discriminated against in a mock employment interview. Potential confounding factors were controlled by having 320 Ss rate videotapes of a job interview that used the same professional actors appearing as normal weight or made up to appear overweight by the use of theatrical prostheses. Results suggested that bias against hiring overweight job applicants does exist, especially for female applicants. Read More
Psychol Rep 2005 Apr;96(2):349-60
Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
The hypothesis that the sex composition of an applicant pool affects the hiring probabilities of individual job applicants was tested using gender-distinctive information on accepted and rejected job applicants in The Netherlands. The evidence supports this hypothesis, although the effect sizes are moderate. Both men and women have a lower probability of being hired when the applicant pool contains fewer applicants from their own sex. Read More
Psychol Sci 2005 Jun;16(6):474-80
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
This article presents an account of job discrimination according to which people redefine merit in a manner congenial to the idiosyncratic credentials of individual applicants from desired groups. In three studies, participants assigned male and female applicants to gender-stereotypical jobs. However, they did not view male and female applicants as having different strengths and weaknesses. Read More
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2015 Apr 13;112(17):5360-5. Epub 2015 Apr 13.
Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.
National randomized experiments and validation studies were conducted on 873 tenure-track faculty (439 male, 434 female) from biology, engineering, economics, and psychology at 371 universities/colleges from 50 US states and the District of Columbia. In the main experiment, 363 faculty members evaluated narrative summaries describing hypothetical female and male applicants for tenure-track assistant professorships who shared the same lifestyle (e.g. Read More