Biochimie 2010 Jan 13;92(1):110-5. Epub 2009 Oct 13.
Department of Immunology, Keimyung University, Taegu, South Korea.
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a cytoprotective enzyme activated by its substrate heme and diverse stimuli. The induction of HO-1 gene expression is one of the important events in cellular response to pro-oxidative and pro-inflammatory insults. In this study, the effect of rottlerin, a putative PKC delta inhibitor, on HO-1 expression in HT29 human colon cancer cells was investigated. Rottlerin-induced HO-1 at both protein and mRNA levels in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Rottlerin-mediated HO-1 induction was abrogated in the presence of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) or glutathione (GSH). Rottlerin induced nuclear translocation of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and increased antioxidant response element (ARE)-driven transcriptional activity. Additionally, rottlerin activated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and ERK. The pharmacological inhibition of ERK and p38 MAPK inhibited rottlerin-induced HO-1 up-regulation. However, suppression of protein kinase C delta (PKC delta) expression by siRNA or overexpression of WT-PKC delta did not abrogate the rottlerin-mediated induction of HO-1. These results suggest that rottlerin induces up-regulation of HO-1 via PKC delta-independent pathway. Taken together, the present study identified rottlerin as a novel inducer of HO-1 expression and identified the mechanisms involved in this process.