Pilot survey of HIV risk and contextual problems and issues in Mexican/Latino migrant day laborers.

J Immigr Health 2005 Oct;7(4):269-81

School of Social Welfare, 120 Haviland Hall, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7400, USA.

A preliminary survey was conducted with 102 migrant day laborers (MDLs) to assess HIV risk and related contextual problems and issues. These men were primarily Mexican, of low SES background, low in acculturation to the United States, and their income ranged from $100 and $400 a week, 40% of which is sent back home. The psychosocial context of HIV risk included concerns expressed about lack of money and employment, followed by racism, social isolation, sadness and loneliness. High rates of alcohol use and binge drinking that co-occur with sexual activities were reported. While only 7% of MDLs reported illegal injection drug use, needles were frequently shared without bleach cleaning. Men generally did not carry condoms and knowledge of proper condom use was poor. For the most common form of sex reported, vaginal sex, condom use was infrequent. However, men did report confidence in being able to insist on condom use in challenging sexual situations, and they also reported fairly frequent pro-condom attitudes and behaviors within their social circles. Slightly over half of the men reported sexual activity with female partners, during the past 2 months. These female partners were almost evenly divided into regular sex partners, including spouses, and riskier partners such as one time only sex partners, prostitutes, and multiple sex partners. Results also indicated encouraging efforts by MDLs to reduce risk with risky partners (e.g., more condom use).

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-005-5124-0DOI Listing
October 2005
Save 15% Survey

Similar Publications

Survey of condom-related beliefs, behaviors, and perceived social norms in Mexican migrant laborers.

J Community Health 1997 Jun;22(3):185-98

School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley 94720-7400, USA.

This study reports findings from a survey of condom-related beliefs, behaviors, and perceived social norms in Mexican migrant laborers that live and work in the United States for extended periods of time. Snowball sampling was used to recruit 501 Mexican migrants from five "sending towns" in Jalisco, Mexico, with historically high rates of out-migration to the United States. Results showed that subjects reported few negative beliefs about condom use and high efficacy to use condoms in challenging sexual situations but social norms sanctioning condoms were limited. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
June 1997

Exploring AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of female Mexican migrant workers.

Health Soc Work 1998 May;23(2):96-103

Department of Psychology, University of San Francisco, CA 94117-1080, USA.

AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors were assessed in female Mexican migrant laborers. Thirty-two women were administered a modified version of the Hispanic Condom Questionnaire. Respondents were knowledgeable about the major modes of HIV transmission, but one-third to one-half of the women believed that they could contract AIDS from unlikely casual sources. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
May 1998

HIV and sexually transmitted disease risk among male Hispanic/Latino migrant farmworkers in the Southeast: Findings from a pilot CBPR study.

Am J Ind Med 2010 Oct;53(10):976-83

Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157-1063, USA.

Background: Little is known about the HIV and sexually transmitted disease (STD) risk behaviors of Hispanic/Latino farmworkers. This study was designed to describe risk factors for HIV and STD infection, explore personal characteristics associated with condom use, and evaluate the feasibility of collecting self-report and biomarker data from farmworkers.

Methods: Self-report and biomarker data were collected from a sample of male farmworkers living in 29 camps in North Carolina during the 2008 growing season. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2010