Ann Hematol 2010 Feb 28;89(2):163-9. Epub 2009 Jul 28.
Department of Internal Medicine I, Division of Hematology and Hemostaseology, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.
We used nonpegylated liposomal doxorubicin (NPLD) in cytostatic drug combinations to treat 37 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and pre-existing cardiac disorder or elderly patients with reduced physical state who were ineligible for conventional anthracycline-containing therapy. High remission rates were observed in this poor-risk population: Complete remission rates were 75% for diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and 55% for T/NK cell neoplasm (overall response rate of 80% and 89%, respectively). Twenty-seven patients (73%) are still alive after a median observation time of 14 months. No major cardiac or gastrointestinal toxicity was observed. Extravasation of NPLD in two patients resulted in mild inflammation without tissue damage. Hematologic toxicity was comparable to that of conventional anthracycline-containing regimens. We conclude that NPLD is highly active in combination chemotherapy for lymphoma with low cardiac toxicity in patients with pre-existing cardiac disorders or higher age. Moreover, we also observed remarkable efficacy in T/NK cell lymphomas.