Screening for expanded alleles of the FMR1 gene in blood spots from newborn males in a Spanish population.

J Mol Diagn 2009 Jul 21;11(4):324-9. Epub 2009 May 21.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Fragile X syndrome, which is caused by expanded CGG repeats of the FMR1 gene, is associated with a broad spectrum of clinical involvement and is the most common inherited form of intellectual disability. Early diagnosis and intervention are likely to lead to improved outcome for children with fragile X syndrome, but such strategies require better estimates of the frequencies of expanded alleles of the FMR1 gene. In this study, we report the results of a newborn screening study of 5267 male blood spots collected from the Northwest region of Spain as part of the national newborn screening program. The blood spots were screened using a rapid polymerase chain reaction-based method that is capable of identifying the presence of all expanded alleles for both males and females. The screened samples included 199 gray zone alleles, 21 premutation alleles, and two full mutation alleles (1 in 2633). The frequency of premutation alleles was three times higher (1 in 251) than the quoted value of 1 in 813 from a Canadian population and is fully consistent with the results of large-scale Israeli screening studies. Our results demonstrate that newborn screening for the presence of expanded FMR1 alleles is an effective means for defining the distribution of expanded FMR1 alleles in newborn populations; as such, this method is suitable for large-scale newborn screening.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2353/jmoldx.2009.080173DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2710709PMC
July 2009
2 Reads

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

newborn screening
16
blood spots
12
expanded alleles
12
fmr1 gene
12
alleles
9
expanded fmr1
8
premutation alleles
8
presence expanded
8
fragile syndrome
8
alleles fmr1
8
fmr1 alleles
8
newborn
6
screening
6
expanded
5
fmr1
5
population fully
4
northwest region
4
collected northwest
4
spain national
4
screening program
4

Similar Publications