Effects of endurance training on extrarenal potassium regulation and exercise performance in patients on haemodialysis.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2009 Sep 23;24(9):2882-8. Epub 2009 Apr 23.

Centre for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise and Sport, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Haemodialysis patients (HDP) with anaemia display impaired plasma K(+) regulation during exercise and poor exercise performance. Epoetin treatment and exercise training improve exercise performance in HDP, but whether this is associated with improved K(+) regulation is unknown.

Methods: Six HDP with near-normal [Hb] were tested for aerobic power ( ) and plasma [K(+)] during incremental exercise; quadriceps muscle strength (peak torque, PT) from 0 to 360 degrees s(-1) and fatiguability (decline in strength during thirty contractions). Tests were conducted at baseline, after 6 weeks of normal activity (pre-train) and following 6 weeks cycle training (post-train). Six healthy untrained controls (CON) matched for age, sex, mass and height were tested at baseline.

Results: In HDP at baseline, and PT from 0 to 360 degrees s(-1) were respectively reduced by 37% and 27-42%, compared to CON (P < 0.05). Plasma [K(+)], the rise in [K(+)] (Delta[K(+)]) and the Delta[K(+)] relative to total work done (Delta[K(+)] work(-1) ratio) during incremental exercise were all higher in HDP at baseline compared to CON (P < 0.05). Exercise training increased time to fatigue by 12% (P < 0.05) but did not improve K(+) regulation or . An inverse correlation was found between the Delta[K(+)] work(-1) ratio and for pooled CON and HDP data.

Conclusions: In HDP treated with epoetin, poor exercise performance was related to impaired extrarenal K(+) regulation, whilst training improved exercise performance but not K(+) regulation. Thus, although impaired extrarenal K(+) regulation may contribute to poor exercise performance in HDP, exercise performance can still improve with training despite unchanged K(+) regulation.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfp157DOI Listing
September 2009
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