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    Human fatalities resulting from dog attacks in the United States, 1979-2005.
    Wilderness Environ Med 2009 ;20(1):19-25
    Division of Public Health, Raleigh, NC 27699-1912, USA.
    Introduction: Dog attacks are a major public health concern worldwide. Dogs bite over 4 million people resulting in the hospitalization of 6000 to 13,000 people each year in the United States. Rarely deaths may occur after an attack.

    Methods: This study utilized the compressed mortality files from CDC WONDER to evaluate deaths from dog attacks over the 27-year period 1979-2005.

    Results: An average of approximately 19 deaths was reported annually from dog attacks during this time period. Males and children less than 10 years of age had the highest rate of death from dog attacks. Deaths have been reported in 49 states with Alaska reporting the highest death rate from dog attacks. The number of deaths and death rate from dog attacks appear to be increasing.

    Conclusions: Deaths from dog attacks appear to be increasing as the population of both humans and dogs has increased during this time period. Children have the greatest risk of death. There is a need for a national reporting system on dog bites to fully capture the extent of fatalities and look at risk factors surrounding the attack. The development of effective prevention practices is dependent upon examination of these risk factors.

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    Pediatrics 1996 Jun;97(6 Pt 1):891-5
    Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA.
    Objectives: To update data on fatal dog bites and see if past trends have continued.

    Design: To merge data from vital records, the Humane Society of the United States, and searches of electronic news files.

    Setting: United States. Read More
    Breeds of dogs involved in fatal human attacks in the United States between 1979 and 1998.
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 2000 Sep;217(6):836-40
    US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA.
    Objective: To summarize breeds of dogs involved in fatal human attacks during a 20-year period and to assess policy implications.

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    A newspaper survey and search of the medical literature identified 74 deaths from dog attacks, 51 of which occurred in a designated five-year study period. Most attacks were by single pet dogs without a preceding history of viciousness and without known provocation by the victim. The highest number of deaths (23) occurred in infants less than 1 year of age. Read More
    The public health impact of dog attacks in a major Australian city.
    Med J Aust 1997 Aug;167(3):129-32
    Department of Public Health, University of Adelaide, SA.
    Objective: To examine the impact of dog attacks by determining the incidence and risk factors for dog attacks.

    Design: Injury surveillance data on dog attacks for a major metropolitan hospital were converted to incidence rates using 1991 census figures for the hospital catchment area and combined with data on community attitudes and experiences derived from a large community survey.

    Setting: Queen Elizabeth Hospital (tertiary referral hospital), Adelaide, South Australia, January 1990 to July 1993. Read More