Clin Nucl Med 2009 Mar;34(3):153-4
Department of Radiology, Division of Nuclear Medicine, PET Imaging Science Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA.
We report the F-18 FDG PET-CT appearance of recurrent gliosarcoma (GS) with extracranial extension in a 47-year-old man who underwent surgical resection of a right frontal GS 5 months earlier. F-18 FDG PET demonstrated moderate uptake in the recurrent disease. GS is a very rare, biphasic primary neoplasm of the central nervous system, composed of glioblastoma multiforme mixed with a sarcomatous component. It occurs in adults of middle age and carries a poor prognosis. The median survival reported is less than a year. The results suggest that F-18 FDG PET imaging may be useful in detecting recurrent GS.