The effect of nasally administered budesonide respules on adrenal cortex function in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2009 Mar;135(3):303-7

Division of Clinical Outcomes Research, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.

Objectives: To evaluate whether nasal administration of budesonide in adults with chronic rhinosinusitis for 30 days suppresses adrenal function and to assess its clinical efficacy.

Design: An open-label prospective study.

Setting: Academic medical center.

Patients: We assessed adrenal function in 9 patients using the cosyntropin test before and after budesonide therapy.

Intervention: Budesonide respule therapy.

Main Outcome Measure: Scores from the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-20 (SNOT-20), a tool for assessing rhinosinusitis health and quality of life, were used to assess efficacy of budesonide treatment.

Results: All of our patients showed adequate adrenal response to cosyntropin stimulation before and after the budesonide trial. The mean difference in SNOT-20 scores was -1 (95% confidence interval, -1.77 to -0.23; P = .02), indicating clinically significant improvement after therapy.

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that using budesonide nasal wash may be clinically effective in decreasing the symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis and does so without suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archoto.2008.555DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360026PMC
March 2009
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