J Phys Chem A 2008 Oct 13;112(41):10120-4. Epub 2008 Sep 13.

Center for Superfunctional Materials, Department of Chemistry, Pohang University of Science and Technology, San 31, Hyojadong, Namgu, Pohang 790-784, Korea.

We investigated various two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) structures of H (+)(H 2O) 8, using density functional theory (DFT), Moller-Plesset second-order perturbation theory (MP2), and coupled cluster theory with single, double, and perturbative triple excitations (CCSD(T)). The 3D structure is more stable than the 2D structure at all levels of theory on the Born-Oppenheimer surface. With the zero-point energy (ZPE) correction, the predicted structure varies depending on the level of theory. The DFT employing Becke's three parameters with Lee-Yang-Parr functionals (B3LYP) favors the 2D structure. At the complete basis set (CBS) limit, the MP2 calculation favors the 3D structure by 0.29 kcal/mol, and the CCSD(T) calculation favors the 3D structure by 0.27 kcal/mol. It is thus expected that both 2D and 3D structures are nearly isoenergetic near 0 K. At 100 K, all the calculations show that the 2D structure is much more stable in free binding energy than the 3D structure. The DFT and MP2 vibrational spectra of the 2D structure are consistent with the experimental spectra. First-principles Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) simulations show that the 2D Zundel-type vibrational spectra are in good agreement with the experiment.

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October 2008

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J Chem Phys 2006 Dec;125(23):234305

Center for Superfunctional Materials, Department of Chemistry, Pohang University of Science and Technology, San 31, Hyojadong, Namgu, Pohang 790-784, Korea.

The two dimensional (2D) to three dimensional (3D) transition for the protonated water cluster has been controversial, in particular, for H(+)(H(2)O)(7). For H(+)(H(2)O)(7) the 3D structure is predicted to be lower in energy than the 2D structure at most levels of theory without zero-point energy (ZPE) correction. On the other hand, with ZPE correction it is predicted to be either 2D or 3D depending on the calculational levels. Read More

December 2006

J Phys Chem A 2009 Aug;113(32):9237-42

Center for Superfunctional Materials, Department of Chemistry, Pohang University of Science and Technology, San 31, Hyojadong, Namgu, Pohang 790-784, Korea.

Protonated water clusters H+(H2O)n favor two-dimensional (2D) structures for n < or = 7 at low temperatures. At 0 K, the 2D and three-dimensional (3D) structures for n = 8 are almost isoenergetic, and the 3D structures for n > 9 tend to be more stable. However, for n = 9, the netlike structures are likely to be more stable above 150 K. Read More

August 2009

J Chem Phys 2008 Jun;128(24):244304

Important structural isomers of NH(4) (+)(H(2)O)(n=4,6) have been studied by using density functional theory, Moller-Plesset second order perturbation theory, and coupled-cluster theory with single, double, and perturbative triple excitations [CCSD(T)]. The zero-point energy (ZPE) correction to the complete basis set limit of the CCSD(T) binding energies and free energies is necessary to identify the low energy structures for NH(4) (+)(H(2)O)(n=4,6) because otherwise wrong structures could be assigned for the most probable structures. For NH(4) (+)(H(2)O)(6), the cage-type structure, which is more stable than the previously reported open structure before the ZPE correction, turns out to be less stable after the ZPE correction. Read More

June 2008

J Phys Chem A 2009 Jun;113(25):6859-64

Pohang Jecheol High School, Pohang 790-390, Korea.

We have investigated the structure, interaction energy, electronic properties, and IR spectra of the ammonia-water cation (NH(3)H(2)O)(+) using density functional theory (DFT) and high-level ab initio theory. The ammonia-water cation has three minimum-energy structures of (a) H(2)NH(+).. Read More

June 2009