S D Med 2008 ;Spec No.:20-1. 23-4
Pediatric Hermatology/Oncology, Sanford Children's Specialty Clinic, Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, SD, USA.
Front Robot AI 2021 7;8:712427. Epub 2021 Jul 7.
Department of Criminal Law, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland.
Proponents of welcoming robots into the moral circle have presented various approaches to moral patiency under which determining the moral status of robots seems possible. However, even if we recognize robots as having moral standing, how should we situate them in the hierarchy of values? In particular, who should be sacrificed in a moral dilemma-a human or a robot? This paper answers this question with reference to the most popular approaches to moral patiency. However, the conclusions of a survey on moral patiency do not consider another important factor, namely the law. Read More
Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 8;8:647897. Epub 2021 Jul 8.
Public Health Research Centre, NOVA National School of Public Health, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
Digital technologies and data science have laid down the promise to revolutionize healthcare by transforming the way health and disease are analyzed and managed in the future. Digital health applications in healthcare include telemedicine, electronic health records, wearable, implantable, injectable and ingestible digital medical devices, health mobile apps as well as the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms to medical and public health prognosis and decision-making. As is often the case with technological advancement, progress in digital health raises compelling ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI). Read More
BJA Educ 2021 Aug 6;21(8):292-299. Epub 2021 May 6.
Care and Public Health Research Institute, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.
Fla Law Rev 2019 Sep;71(5):1281-1345
Consortium on Law and Values in Health, Environment & the Life Sciences, University of Minnesota.
A 2018 committee report published by the highly respected National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (the Report) recommends stripping research participants of crucial data privacy rights and discarding decades of carefully deliberated consensus guidelines for the ethical return of results and data from research. This Article traces these disturbing recommendations to three root causes: (1) a statement of task that blocked careful and impartial analysis of a disputed legal matter central to the Report; (2) a piecemeal legal analysis that omitted relevant strands of law; and (3) the inappropriate conflation of two distinct concepts-the return of individual research results (the stated subject of the Report) and privacy-enabling individual access rights, which have a nearly fifty-year legal history long predating the modern debate about return of results. The Report's recommendations would erect new barriers to the return of results and, simultaneously, dial back a core data privacy right that Americans-including many research participants-currently enjoy. Read More
Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 14;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 14.
Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of the Balearic Islands, 07122 Palma, Spain.
The use of physical restraints is a common practice in the care of hospitalised and institutionalised elderly people. This use is determined by factors related to the patients, their families, the healthcare professionals, the institution, and prevailing social values. Today, however, this practice is often questioned because of its physical, psychological, moral, ethical, and legal repercussions. Read More