Newly weaned nonobese diabetic mice show heightened early diabetes sensitivity to multiple low doses of streptozotocin than nondiabetes-prone CD-1 mice: initial beta-cell damage a key trigger for type 1 diabetes?

Pancreas 2008 Jul;37(1):e8-e19

School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Objectives: We determined if newly weaned female nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice show greater diabetes sensitivity to dose-adjusted regimens of multiple low doses of streptozotocin (Stz) than nondiabetes-prone CD-1 mice.

Methods: Female NOD mice received 5 daily doses of Stz from day 21 (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 mg/kg body weight) and CD-1 mice 20, 30, and 40 mg.

Results: : Streptozotocin, at the 15-, 20-, 30-, and 40-mg dose, induced rapid diabetes in NOD mice. By day 100, 90% to 95% of NOD mice became diabetic after the 40- and 30-mg dose and 33% to 40% with the 15- and 20-mg dose. In comparison, only about 50% and 33% of CD-1 mice developed diabetes with the 40- and 30-mg dose, respectively, and 5.5% with the 20-mg dose. In NOD mice, the 20-mg dose also partially suppressed spontaneous diabetes. All diabetic mice displayed insulitis, variable immunostaining for insulin, and redistribution of glucagon and somatostatin cells. Glucose transporter-2 was markedly attenuated in selective beta cells.

Conclusions: Newly weaned female NOD mice show heightened early sensitivity to low doses of Stz than CD-1 mice. At diabetes, several beta cells remain and show variable immunostaining for insulin and an attenuated expression for glucose transporter-2. Specific low doses of Stz may also suppress spontaneous diabetes.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPA.0b013e3181661b1bDOI Listing
July 2008

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