Proteomics 2008 Jun;8(12):2394-406
U876 INSERM, Université Victor Ségalen Bordeaux 2, Hématopoïèse Leucémique et Cibles Thérapeutiques, Bordeaux, France.
Understanding the molecular basis of resistance to imatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor used as front-line therapy in chronic myeloid leukemia, remains a challenge for successful treatment. In an attempt to identify new mechanisms of resistance, we performed a comparative proteomic analysis of an imatinib-resistant cell line generated from the erythroblastic cell line K562 (K562-r) for which no known mechanism of resistance has been detected. Bidimensional gel electrophoresis was carried out to compare the protein expression pattern of imatinib-sensitive and of imatinib-resistant K562 cells. Among the 400 matched spots on five pairs of gels, only 14 spots had a significantly increased or decreased expression leading to the identification of 24 proteins identified as scaffold proteins, metabolic enzymes, DNA translation and maturation, and chaperon proteins. Among the chaperon family, only Hsp70 and Hsc70 are overexpressed in K562-r, results confirmed by Western blotting. We recently reported the participation of Hsp70 overexpression in imatinib resistance whereas a role for Hsc70 has yet to be determined. Hsc70 is not involved in imatinib resistance as the inhibition of its expression by siRNA does not restore sensitivity to imatinib. In contrast, the induced decreased expression of Hsc70 was accompanied by a greater overexpression of Hsp70. This proteomic study therefore suggests opposing roles of Hsp70 and Hsc70 in imatinib resistance.