Complement Ther Clin Pract 2008 May 4;14(2):124-31. Epub 2008 Mar 4.
Prosthetic Services, Maltings Mobility Centre, Wolverhampton City NHS Trust, Herbert Street, Wolverhampton, West Midlands WV1 1NQ, UK.
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Agri 2007 Jan;19(1):50-6
Erciyes University Medical Faculty, Kayseri, Turkey.
The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the upper and the lower extremity amputations with regard to phantom pain, phantom sensation and stump pain. A questionnaire consisting of 23 questions was send to the patients who underwent upper or lower extremity amputation surgery between 1996- 2005. The patients were questioned for the presence of phantom pain and sensations and if they existed for the frequency, intensity, cause of amputation, pre-amputation pain, stump pain, usage of artificial limb. Read More
Clin Rehabil 2010 May;24(5):444-53
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Graduate School for Health Research (SHARE), University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen.
Objective: To analyse the prevalence of phantom (limb) pain over time and to analyse factors associated with phantom (limb) pain in a prospective cohort of amputees.
Design: A multicentre longitudinal study.
Patients: One hundred and thirty-four patients scheduled for amputation were included. Read More
J Trauma 2008 Oct;65(4):858-64
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany.
Background: The formation, prevalence, intensity, course, and predisposing factors of phantom limb pain were investigated to determine possible mechanisms of the origin of phantom limb pain in traumatic upper limb amputees.
Methods: Ninety-six upper limb amputees participated in the study. A questionnaire assessed the following question: side, date, extension, and cause of amputation; preamputation pain; and presence or absence of phantom pain, phantom and stump sensations or stump pain or both. Read More
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 1996 May;140(20):1080-3
Academisch Ziekenhuis Vrije Universiteit, afd. Anesthesiologie, Amsterdam.
Objective: Evaluation of (a) the incidence of phantom limb pain after a lower limb amputation, (b) the influence of either general or epidural anaesthesia on the incidence, and (c) the different kinds of therapies applied.
Setting: Department of Anaesthesiology, Academic Hospital, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Read More