J Phys Chem A 2007 Oct 3;111(42):10530-6. Epub 2007 Oct 3.
Institute of Chemical Wood Technology and Chair of Chemistry, Agricultural University of Poznań, 60-623 Poznań, Poland.
The effects of thermomechanical pulp (TMP) bleaching with hydrogen peroxide under acidic and alkaline conditions were studied using different spectroscopic analytical methods. The results of hydroxyl radical determination in bleaching solutions, analyses of carbonyl and carboxyl groups contents in the pulp, and the cellulose fiber surface analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) elucidate the chemistry of the hydrogen peroxide treatment. Diffuse reflectance laser flash photolysis (DRLFP) method showed the differences in the photochemical behavior that reflect the changes of the chromophoric system after the preliminary peroxide bleaching stage under acidic conditions. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed the non-delignifying character of the bleaching process. Suppression of carbonyl and formation of carboxyl groups in the case of the two-stage peroxide bleaching performed in the presence of catalysts and stabilizers was also confirmed. FT-Raman studies showed the removal of coniferaldehyde groups after treatment under acidic and alkaline conditions.