Melanoma Res 2007 Oct;17(5):284-90
McGill University/Henry C. Witelson Ocular Pathology Laboratory, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common malignant intraocular tumor in adults. Despite the high accuracy of clinical diagnosis and advances in local treatment, more than 50% of UM patients develop metastasis within 10 years of initial diagnosis. NM23 is one of the human metastasis suppressor genes. Reduced nm23-H1 expression is correlated with high metastatic potential in many different cancers. The purpose of this study is to investigate the expression of nm23-H1 in UM and its potential value as a prognostic marker. Immunostaining of nm23-H1 was verified in five human UM cell lines with different metastatic potentials. The expression level of nm23-H1 mRNA was evaluated with one-step quantitative real-time PCR. The invasion ability of the cell lines was assessed before and after silencing nm23-H1 with small interference RNA. Thirty-two cases of paraffin-embedded specimens of human UM were immunostained with nm23-H1 monoclonal antibody. The immunostaining was evaluated in a semiquantitative fashion based on extent and intensity. The real-time PCR results of five human UM cell lines showed that expression of nm23-H1 was higher in cell lines with low metastatic potential compared with those with high metastatic potential (P<0.05). The invasive ability of the UM cell lines increased after silencing nm23-H1 expression with small interference RNA (P<0.05). The immunostaining of nm23-H1 was cytoplasmic in all cell lines and UM patients samples. The increased immunostaining intensity of nm23-H1 in patients' samples was associated with better survival rate (Kaplan-Meier test P=0.0097). The expression of nm23-H1 was not correlated with other prognostic factors. It can be concluded that nm23-H1 may be a prognostic marker to predict the survival rate of UM patients and it has the potential to identify high-risk patients.