Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Background: A Phase II trial of irinotecan and cisplatin (IP) with early concurrent radiotherapy was performed in limited-disease small-cell lung cancer (LD-SCLC) to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity.
Methods: For untreated LD-SCLC patients, irinotecan (60 mg/m2, Days 1, 8, and 15) and cisplatin (40 mg/m2, Days 1 and 8) were repeated every 4 weeks for a maximum of 6 cycles. Thoracic radiotherapy of 1.8 Gy/day was begun on Day 1 of the second chemotherapy cycle, up to a total of 45 to 54 Gy. Prophylactic cranial irradiation (30 Gy in 10 fractions) was performed on patients with a complete response (CR).
Results: Thirty-three LD-SCLC patients were enrolled. The median age was 60 years and 31 patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1. Twelve (36.4%) patients had N3 disease. The response rate was 87.9%, with a CR rate of 45.5%. At a median follow-up period of 27 months the median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 14.4 and 26.1 months, respectively, with 2-year PFS and OS rates of 26.8% and 54.9%. The dominating toxicity was neutropenia, with grade 3-5 of 81.8%. The most common grade 3-5 nonhematologic toxicities were diarrhea (21.2%), anorexia (21.2%), and fatigue (21.2%). Grade 3-5 radiation esophagitis and pneumonitis occurred in 18.2% and 9.1% of patients, respectively. There were 2 treatment-related deaths from sepsis and radiation pneumonitis.
Conclusions: IP with early concurrent radiotherapy was effective and tolerable in untreated LD-SCLC.