Induction of cytochrome P450: assessment in an immortalized human hepatocyte cell line (Fa2N4) using a novel higher throughput cocktail assay.

Drug Metab Dispos 2007 Feb 15;35(2):275-82. Epub 2006 Nov 15.

Department of Pharmacokinetics, Dynamics and Metabolism, Pfizer Global Research and Development, Sandwich, Kent, UK.

Over recent years the application of cocktail studies to measure biological markers has become increasingly popular. The current study investigated a novel approach in assessing cytochrome P450 (P450) enzyme induction in an immortalized cell line using a cocktail of five P450 substrate probes compared with the traditional single-probe approach. The findings reported herein support use of a cocktail approach to assess the induction of the major P450s, namely, CYP3A4, CYP1A2, and CYP2C9. CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 could also be followed as part of the cocktail approach reported. Response to prototypical inducers did not differ to those observed in the presence of the specific probes alone. Consequently, this approach requires significantly fewer sample numbers if screening the induction potential of more than one P450. Moreover, these studies highlight the utility of the immortalized cell line Fa2N4 as a robust model system for induction studies. In conclusion, the current experimental setup is an improvement on current approaches used to assess P450 induction, significantly increasing sample throughput.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/dmd.106.012864DOI Listing
February 2007
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