Blood 2007 Mar 2;109(5):2165-73. Epub 2006 Nov 2.
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7290, USA.
The antitumor potency of the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin (sirolimus) is the subject of intense investigations. Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) appears as an AIDS-defining lymphoma and like Kaposi sarcoma has been linked to Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). We find that (1) rapamycin is efficacious against PEL in culture and in a murine xenograft model; (2) mTOR, its activator Akt, and its target p70S6 kinase are phosphorylated in PEL; (3) rapamycin inhibits mTOR signaling as determined by S6 phosphorylation; (4) KSHV transcription is unaffected; (5) inhibition of IL-10 signaling correlates with drug sensitivity; and (6) addition of exogenous IL-10 or IL-6 can reverse the rapamycin growth arrest. This validates sirolimus as a new treatment option for PEL.