CNS Spectr 2006 Sep;11(9):674-8; quiz 719
Neurology of Battle Creek, Battle Creek, MI 49017, USA.
Cardiol Rev 2013 Jan-Feb;21(1):1-8
Department of Medicine, New York Medical College/Westchester Medical Center, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA.
Vascular diseases have been the major cause of death and disability in presidents and vice presidents of the United States. Untreated hypertension and cigarette smoking have contributed greatly to this increased morbidity and mortality risk, which has impacted on historical events, especially in the 20th century. In this article, the medical histories of those incumbent Presidents and Vice Presidents who suffered from coronary artery and cerebrovascular diseases will be reviewed. Read More
J Insur Med 2008 ;40(2):120-3
Life Expectancy Project, 1439 - 17th Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94122-3402, USA.
The United States has had 43 presidents. We examined whether they survive significantly longer or shorter than their contemporaries. We found that survival was better for presidents elected in the 1789-1841 and 1933-2001 periods (SMRs of 0. Read More
Headache 2011 Oct;51(9):1431-9
Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77004, USA.
The disclosure that 2012 presidential candidate Michele Bachmann has migraines resulted in intense public and physician interest in the migraine of presidents, migraine and potential presidential disability, and the politics of migraine that are reviewed in this article. Jefferson had severe headaches that may have been a migraine variant. Lincoln, Grant, and Wilson were, John Adams and Eisenhower might have been, and Truman and Kennedy may have been migraineurs. Read More
Arch Neurol 1997 Oct;54(10):1256-64
Stroke Research Center, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.
If the president of the United States must decide within minutes how to respond to a dire emergency, its citizens expect him or her to be mentally competent and to act wisely. Because the presidency of the United States is now the world's most powerful office, should its incumbent become even temporarily unable to exercise good judgment, the consequences for the world could be unimaginably far-reaching. Read More