Genet Med 2006 Jun;8(6):383-8
University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is probably the most common genetic form of fracture predisposition. The term OI encompasses a broad range of clinical presentations that may be first apparent from early in pregnancies to late in life, reflecting the extent of bone deformity and fracture predisposition at different stages of development or postnatal ages. Depending on the age of presentation, OI can be difficult to distinguish from some other genetic and nongenetic causes of fractures, including nonaccidental injury (abuse). The strategies for evaluation and the testing discussed here provide guidelines for evaluation that should help to distinguish among causes for fracture and bone deformity.