J Pak Med Assoc 2006 Feb;56(2):79-82
Armed Forces Bone Marrow Transplant Centre, Rawalpindi.
Pneumocystis Carinii and Trichosporon beigelii are opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of a young lady who underwent haemopoeitic stem cell transplantation for relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. This 25 years old female developed fever, dry cough and rapidly progressive dyspnoea during post transplant neutropenia and was found to be suffering from Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. She was successfully treated with Co-trimoxazole. The patient again presented with similar symptoms on day 55 post transplant. This time Trichosporon beigelii was isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage and she responded to prompt antifungal therapy. Other complications encountered during the subsequent course were extensive subcutaneous emphysema and spontaneous pneumothorax that required chest intubation and brief hospitalization. The patient is presently nine months post transplant and is asymptomatic.
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