J Agric Food Chem 2006 Mar;54(5):1844-8
Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Alimentari, Farmaceutiche e Farmacologiche, Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale, via Bovio 6, 28100 Novara, Italy.
Fresh juices of four Italian cultivars of lemons (Citrus limon Burm) have been analyzed by headspace solid phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The best results have been obtained with the 2 cm 50/30 microm divinylbenzene/carboxen on poly(dimethylsiloxane) fiber, using a homogenization time of 1 h at 40 degrees C and a sampling period of 30 min. A total of 35 volatile compounds have been identified by GC-MS, and their relative amounts have been calculated by adding internal standard to the samples. Differences in composition of lemon juices volatile components have been observed. Verdello Siracusano lemon juice has the highest amount of volatile compounds (50.28 mg/L), followed by Interdonato (8.39 mg/L), Primo Fiore Capo d'Orlando (5.75 mg/L), and Femminello Siracusano (2.62 mg/L) juices. Volatile compounds mainly consist of mono- and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons and oxygenated molecules (aldheydes, monoterpene alcohols, and monoterpene esters). Headspace solid phase microextraction coupled to a gas chromatograph equipped with a specific sulfur detector, a sulfur chemiluminescence detector, let us detect and quantify dimethyl sulfide compound at the microgram/liter level in lemon juices.