The use of free-periosteum for secondary bone grafting to the maxillary alveolar clefts.

Ann Plast Surg 2005 Dec;55(6):599-602

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Graduate School of Dental Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Some modification on the surgical technique for bone grafting to the alveolar clefts has been required. Secondary bone grafting was performed with and without free-periosteum on 34 (mean age, 9.8 +/- 1.1 years) and 44 (mean age, 10.7 +/- 1.2 years) alveolar clefts, respectively. Vertical bone formation which scored 3 or 4 was obtained in 97.1% of free-periosteum grafted clefts, while it was obtained in 79.5% of the control group. The rate of postoperative wound dehiscence in free-periosteum grafted clefts (20.6%) was not significantly different from the control group (11.4%). In the wound dehiscence cases, however, the grafted periosteum covered the grafted bone and prevented bone exposure. The score of bone formation in the free-periosteum grafted clefts (3.57 +/- 0.79) was significantly higher than that of the control group (2.60 +/- 1.34). Thus, free-periosteum grafting in secondary bone grafting is useful for bone formation in alveolar clefts.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.sap.0000189665.99612.47DOI Listing
December 2005
17 Reads

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

bone grafting
16
alveolar clefts
16
grafted clefts
12
bone formation
12
free-periosteum grafted
12
secondary bone
12
control group
12
bone
9
wound dehiscence
8
+/- years
8
clefts
7
free-periosteum
6
grafted
5
grafting
5
clefts 795%
4
exposure score
4
795% control
4
score bone
4
971% free-periosteum
4
clefts 357
4

Similar Publications