Ann Plast Surg 2005 Dec;55(6):599-602
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Graduate School of Dental Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
Some modification on the surgical technique for bone grafting to the alveolar clefts has been required. Secondary bone grafting was performed with and without free-periosteum on 34 (mean age, 9.8 +/- 1.1 years) and 44 (mean age, 10.7 +/- 1.2 years) alveolar clefts, respectively. Vertical bone formation which scored 3 or 4 was obtained in 97.1% of free-periosteum grafted clefts, while it was obtained in 79.5% of the control group. The rate of postoperative wound dehiscence in free-periosteum grafted clefts (20.6%) was not significantly different from the control group (11.4%). In the wound dehiscence cases, however, the grafted periosteum covered the grafted bone and prevented bone exposure. The score of bone formation in the free-periosteum grafted clefts (3.57 +/- 0.79) was significantly higher than that of the control group (2.60 +/- 1.34). Thus, free-periosteum grafting in secondary bone grafting is useful for bone formation in alveolar clefts.