J Org Chem 2005 Jul;70(14):5611-7
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Gifu University, Yanagido, Gifu 501-1193.
[reaction: see text] Phosphinoselenothioic acid ammonium salts were synthesized in good yields by reacting phosphinoselenothioic acid S-[2-(trimethylsilyl)ethyl] esters with ammonium fluorides. Phosphinoselenothioic acid alkali metal salts were obtained as 18-crown-6 ether complexes with high efficiency by treating the esters with alkali metal fluorides and 18-crown-6 ether. The salts were stable under air and soluble in water. The structures of the phosphinoselenothioic acid tetramethylammonium salt and P-methylseleno-P-methylthiophosphonium triflate were determined by X-ray molecular structure analyses. These salts exhibited monomeric structures, and the central phosphorus atoms adopted tetrahedral structures. Alkylation of the ammonium salts selectively gave phosphinoselenothioic acid Se-alkyl esters, whereas acylation of the salts preferentially gave S-acyl products. Protonation of the salts selectively gave the phosphinoselenothioic S-acid. The S-acid generated in situ was reacted with alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds and cyclohexene oxide to give the adducts. Molecular orbital calculations were carried out for the model compound H2P(Se)S- to elucidate the electronic structure.