Cytogenetic and molecular findings in 75 clear cell renal cell carcinomas.

Oncol Rep 2005 May;13(5):949-56

Department of Biology and Genetics, Medical University of Gdansk, 1 Debinki St., 80-211 Gdansk, Poland.

Cytogenetic analysis of 75 clear cell renal cell carcinomas (RCC) from adult patients revealed abnormal karyotypes in 59 (79%) tumors. Among structural abnormalities, the most frequent were deletions and unbalanced translocations leading to loss of 3p (found in 68% of karyotypically abnormal tumors), followed by rearrangements of chromosomes 5 (in 37%) and 1 (in 20%). Fifteen unbalanced interchromosomal rearrangements and one reciprocal translocation have not been hitherto reported in clear cell RCC. The most common numerical aberrations were trisomy 7, seen in 44% of tumors, and loss of chromosome Y, detected in 48% of RCCs diagnosed in male patients. In 25 tumors, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis was performed using five polymorphic markers spanning region 3p13-p25. LOH was identified in 10 RCCs with 3p loss detected cytogenetically and 4 karyotypically aberrant tumors without cytogenetic rearrangements of 3p; no LOH was found in 3 tumors with 3p loss seen at the cytogenetic level. Overall, 3p loss was detected by cytogenetic and/or LOH analyses in 75% of RCCs with abnormal karyotype studied. The presence or absence of 3p loss did not correlate with tumor size, nodal involvement, tumor grade or its ability to metastasize. However, karyotypes of metastasizing tumors contained more aberrations than those of non-metastasizing RCCs (5.5 versus 2.9 aberrations per tumor, respectively), and -14/14q-, -17 and -10 were significantly more frequent in metastasizing tumors, suggesting that these aberrations might contribute to the progression of RCC. One patient had t(X;1)(p11.2;p34) as a sole abnormality in the stemline. This is the sixth case with this translocation reported to date. Together with our case, all but 1 RCC with t(X;1)(p11.2;p34) had morphology with a clear cell component, which contrasts these RCCs from tumors harboring t(X;1)(p11.2;q21) that largely had papillary morphology.

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May 2005
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