Twenty-four-hour metabolic responses to resistance exercise in women.

Authors:
Edward L Melanson
Edward L Melanson
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
United States
Teresa A Sharp
Teresa A Sharp
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
United States
William T Donahoo
William T Donahoo
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Gary K Grunwald
Gary K Grunwald
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
United States
John C Peters
John C Peters
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
United States
James O Hill
James O Hill
Anschutz Health and Wellness Center
Aurora | United States

J Strength Cond Res 2005 Feb;19(1):61-6

Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA.

Seven nonobese adult females (40 +/- 8 years) were studied in a room calorimeter on a day that resistance exercise (REX) was performed (4 sets of 10 exercises) and on a nonexercise control day (CON). Twenty-four-hour energy expenditure (EE) on the REX day (mean +/- SD, 2,328 +/- 327 kcal.d(-1)) was greater than CON (2,001 +/- 369 kcal.d(-1), p < 0.001). The net increase in EE during and immediately after (30 minutes) exercise represented 76 +/- 12% of the total increase in 24-hour EE. Twenty four-hour RQ on the REX day (0.86 +/- 0.06) did not differ from CON (0.87 +/- 0.02). Twenty four-hour carbohydrate oxidation was elevated on the REX day, but 24-hour fat and protein oxidation were not different. Thus, in women, the increase in EE due to resistance exercise is largely seen during and immediately after the exercise. The increased energy demand is met by increased carbohydrate oxidation, with no increase in 24-hour fat oxidation.

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http://nsca.allenpress.com/nscaonline/?request=get-abstract&
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/14293.1DOI Listing

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February 2005
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