Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Radiology, Ankara, Turkey.
Since improvement in reinforced expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts, true aneurysm and pseudoaneurysm formation have become relatively rare complications after axillofemoral reconstruction. This is a case report of a true aneurysm of an axillofemoral graft. The true aneurysm occurred 29 months after insertion of a reinforced ePTFE graft for aortoiliac occlusive disease. A mid-graft true aneurysm was identified during examinations without any trauma history. Continuous long-term follow-up is recommended for these reinforced ePTFE grafts because of rare aneurysm formation, preferably using duplex ultrasonography.