Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2004 ;109(1-2):133-6
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center, L-103, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, CA 94551-0808, USA.
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Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2004 ;109(1-2):19-24
IES/REM, Joint Research Center, TP 321 21020 Ispra, Italy.
Is atmospheric dispersion forecasting an important asset of the early-phase nuclear emergency response management? Is there a 'perfect atmospheric dispersion model'? Is there a way to make the results of dispersion models more reliable and trustworthy? While seeking to answer these questions the multi-model ensemble dispersion forecast system ENSEMBLE will be presented. Read More
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2004 ;109(1-2):147-8
Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, P.O. Box 55, 1332 Østerås, Norway.
Nuclear and radiological emergencies may easily become severe international emergencies requiring substantial resources in several or many states for an adequate response, which in some cases may require resources exceeding national capabilities. Through the development of a consistent, coherent and sustainable joint programme for improved and more efficient international responses to nuclear and radiological emergencies, it is believed that we could achieve a better and more cost-effective response capability for nuclear and radiological emergencies. This requires, however, that we be willing and able to establish mechanisms of assistance where information and resources are globally shared and that standardised/harmonised procedures be developed and implemented. Read More
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2004 ;109(1-2):137-40
Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Laippatie 4, P.O. Box 14, FIN-00881 Helsinki, Finland.
Airborne gamma spectrometry is an excellent tool for finding out in a timely manner the extent and magnitude of the dispersion of radioactive materials resulting from a nuclear disaster. To utilise existing European airborne monitoring capabilities for multilateral assistance in an accident is a complex administrative and technical matter. Several international exercises have been organised demonstrating the capability to cooperate. Read More
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2004 ;109(1-2):59-62
Federal Office for Radiation Protection, P.O. Box 1067, D-79010 Freiburg, Germany.
The communication and exchange of views and opinions between decision makers and their advisers is crucial for coherent crisis management. As a vision, the concept of a 'Virtual Round Table' is proposed. It stands for the dedication of all accountable authorities to cross border cooperation and should provide a comprehensive technical infrastructure enabling decision makers and experts to communicate with their colleagues in neighbouring countries as if they were sitting at the same table. Read More