Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2004 ;109(1-2):59-62
Federal Office for Radiation Protection, P.O. Box 1067, D-79010 Freiburg, Germany.
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Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2004 ;109(1-2):41-4
Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration, Zelezna c.16, P.O. Box 5759, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
The general requirements of public information are stipulated in EU and IAEA documents. During the emergency exercises Slovenian authorities gained experience how to provide timely and accurate information to the population in the emergency planning zone and to other population in Slovenia. In the future a dialogue should be established between the authorities and the public during an emergency, and not only one-way information flow. Read More
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2004 ;109(1-2):31-3
Nuclear Research Centre, SCK.CEN, Boeretang 200, B-2400, Mol, Belgium.
Subsequent to the TMI and Chernobyl accidents, emergency management is investigating the possibility of taking balanced decisions on interventions as early as possible. This process relies more and more on in-plant data to assess the term of releases. The paper discusses the regulatory aspects of the communication related to the source term between the utility and the national authorities, and the authorities of a host country and neighbouring countries that may be affected. Read More
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2004 ;109(1-2):133-6
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center, L-103, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, CA 94551-0808, USA.
This paper discusses a collaborative project (1) to demonstrate the feasibility and benefit of a system seeking early review, in a 'quasi peer review' mode, of nuclear accident plume and dose assessment predictions by four major international nuclear accident emergency response systems before release of calculations to respective national authorities followed by (2) sharing these results with responsible national/international authorities, (3) development of an affordable/accessible system to distribute results to countries without prediction capabilities and (4) utilisation for exercises and collaboration studies. The project exploits Internet browser technology and low-cost PC hardware, incorporates an Internet node, with access control, for depositing a minimal set of XML-based graphics files for presentation in an identical map format. Side-by-side viewing and televideo conferencing will permit rapid evaluation, data elaboration and recalculation (if necessary) and should produce strong consensus among decision makers. Read More
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2004 ;109(1-2):147-8
Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, P.O. Box 55, 1332 Østerås, Norway.
Nuclear and radiological emergencies may easily become severe international emergencies requiring substantial resources in several or many states for an adequate response, which in some cases may require resources exceeding national capabilities. Through the development of a consistent, coherent and sustainable joint programme for improved and more efficient international responses to nuclear and radiological emergencies, it is believed that we could achieve a better and more cost-effective response capability for nuclear and radiological emergencies. This requires, however, that we be willing and able to establish mechanisms of assistance where information and resources are globally shared and that standardised/harmonised procedures be developed and implemented. Read More