Neurosci Lett 2004 Jul;364(3):139-40
Department of Neurology, Center for Aging and Developmental Biology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, P.O. Box 645, NY 14642, USA.
In a case of familial early onset Alzheimer's disease, a mutation was detected in exon 7 of the presenilin 1 gene at codon 226 with a resultant amino acid change from leucine (CTC) to arginine (CGC) (L226R). This is a novel finding, yet is consistent with the previously reported mutations at codons 222, 229, 233 and 237 in transmembrane domain 5 which show a helical alignment of mutations in this domain. We conclude that the cause of Alzheimer's disease in this patient is an authentic PS1 gene abnormality responsible for the patient's early onset Alzheimer's disease.