Pathologic prion protein spreading in the peripheral nervous system of a patient with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Arch Neurol 2004 May;61(5):747-50

Equipe d'Accueil 2966, Victor Segalen University, Bordeaux, France.

Background: Involvement of the peripheral nervous system in the pathogenesis of prion diseases is becoming increasingly evident. However, pathologic protease-resistant prion protein deposition in the peripheral nerves of patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease has never been demonstrated, to our knowledge.

Objective: To determine whether mutated prion protein accumulation could be shown in the peripheral nervous system of patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Design: Autopsy study.

Patients: Three patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Interventions: Study of the brain, spinal cord, and sciatic and superficial peroneal nerves by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis.

Main Outcome Measure: Demonstration of protease-resistant prion protein accumulation.

Results: In all cases, protease-resistant prion protein accumulation was found in the brain and posterior horns of the spinal cord. In 1 case, protease-resistant prion protein deposits were also evidenced in the dorsal root ganglia and the superficial peroneal nerve.

Conclusions: Protease-resistant prion protein may be found in the peripheral nervous system of some patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. However, a larger series is required to assess the incidence of peripheral nervous system involvement and to discuss the diagnostic usefulness of peripheral nerve biopsy in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archneur.61.5.747DOI Listing
May 2004

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

prion protein
28
peripheral nervous
20
sporadic creutzfeldt-jakob
20
nervous system
20
protease-resistant prion
20
creutzfeldt-jakob disease
16
patients sporadic
12
protein accumulation
8
system patients
8
superficial peroneal
8
spinal cord
8
prion
7
protein
7
peripheral
7
creutzfeldt-jakob
6
system
5
nervous
5
protease-resistant
5
sporadic
5
evidenced dorsal
4

Similar Publications