Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2004 May;317(3):675-81
Department of Orthopaedics, Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University, China.
We have previously shown that gene therapy using adeno-associated virus (AAV) carrying bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) is a promising strategy for new bone formation in vivo in SD rats. However, it had a relatively low transduction efficiency. We investigate here whether enhanced osteogenic activity can be achieved without eliciting a severe immune response, using a cocktail of AAV-BMP2 and adenovirus (Ad)-BMP2 as a vector system. The muscles of SD rats were injected with either AAV-BMP2, Ad-BMP2, or an AAV-BMP2/Ad-BMP2 cocktail, and the in vivo bone formation was determined at eight weeks post-injection. Radiographic examination demonstrated that the addition of a low level of Ad-BMP2 to AAV-BMP2 produced significantly higher new bone formation than the use of AAV-BMP2 alone. Histological and immunohistological analysis revealed an enlarged bone-forming area and a long-term BMP2 expression, without pronounced infiltration of lymphocytes. Our results provide the first evidence that the introduction of a low level of adenovirus in vivo in immunocompetent subjects can greatly enhance AAV-mediated gene transfer, without inducing severe immune responses. This cocktail vector system may offer an attractive way of improving the efficiency of AAV-based gene delivery.