Mol Pharmacol 2004 Jan;65(1):252-6
Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.
The human serotonin 5-HT2C receptor undergoes adenosineto-inosine RNA editing at five positions, generating multiple receptor isoforms with altered G-protein coupling properties. In the current study, we demonstrate that RNA editing regulates the pattern of intracellular signaling. The non-edited human 5-HT2C receptor isoform INI activates phospholipase D via the G13 heterotrimer G-protein. We present evidence that transactivation of the small G-protein RhoA is required for phospholipase D activation. In contrast, neither transactivation of RhoA nor phospholipase D activation was detected in cells expressing the fully edited VGV isoform. The ability to activate phospholipase C is also reduced in VGV-expressing cells, but not to the extent found for the phospholipase D signal. We conclude that RNA editing represents a novel mechanism for regulating 5-HT2C receptor signaling to pathways linked to actin cytoskeletal organization and regulated exocytosis.