Cell Signal 2004 Feb;16(2):271-80
Department of Animal Sciences, College of Agriculture, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, 1207 West Gregory Dr., University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.
CD86 expression is up-regulated in activated monocytes and macrophages by a mechanism that is not clearly defined. Here, we report that IL-4-dependent CD86 expression requires activation of ERK1/2 and JAK/STAT6 but is negatively regulated by PKCdelta. PMA differentiated U937 monocytic cells when stimulated with IL-4 increased CD11b and CD86 expression by 52- and 98-fold, respectively. PMA+IL-4 treatment also induced a synergistic enhancement of ERK1/2 activation when compared to the effects of PMA and IL-4 alone. Use of the mitogen or extracellular kinase (MEK) inhibitor, PD98059, completely blocked up-regulation of CD11b and CD86 demonstrating the importance of MEK-activated ERK1/2. JAK inhibition with WHI-P154-abrogated IL-4-dependent CD11b and CD86 up-regulation and inhibited STAT6 tyrosine phosphorylation. Importantly, CD11b and CD86 expression were not reliant on IL-4-dependent activation of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI 3-kinase). Blockade of PKCdelta activation with rottlerin prevented CD11b expression but lead to a 75- and 213-fold increase in PMA and PMA+IL-4-dependent CD86 expression, respectively. As anticipated, increasing PKCdelta activity with anti-sense reduction of CD45 increased CD11b expression and reduced CD86 expression. Likewise, rottlerin prevented nuclear localization of activated PKCdelta. We conclude from these data that IL-4-dependent CD11b expression relies predominantly on enhanced activation of ERK1/2, while IL-4-dependent CD86 expression utilizes the JAK/STAT6 pathway.