Anal Biochem 2003 Jul;318(1):91-9
Lead Discovery Department, AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP, Wilmington, DE 19850, USA.
A novel approach to measuring receptor-stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis was developed based on the principles of immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) and scintillation proximity assay (SPA). Hard Lewis metal ions, such as Zr(4+), Ga(3+), Al(3+), Fe(3+), Lu(3+), and Sc(3+), were immobilized on SPA beads via metal chelate and utilized as affinity ligands to entrap inositol phosphates. [3H]Inositol phosphates bound to IMAC-SPA beads through the strong interaction of their phosphate group with the immobilized metal ions. The binding brought [3H]inositol phosphates in close proximity to the scintillant embedded in the SPA beads, thereby allowing the radioactivity to be quantified. Quantification of [3H]inositol phosphate production in cells preincubated with [3H]inositol provided a highly sensitive measurement of phosphoinositide hydrolysis. The utility of this approach was demonstrated in measuring the response mediated by the G-protein-coupled neurokinin NK1 receptor and the tyrosine kinase-linked platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor. Substance P stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis concentration-dependently in CHO cells expressing NK1 receptors with a maximal 12-fold increase in inositol phosphate production. Similarly, PDGF-BB stimulated a 5-fold increase in phosphoinositide hydrolysis in quiescent Swiss 3T3 cells. This new approach is highly sensitive, fast, simple, easily performed on 96-well plates, and amenable for high-throughput screening.