Doc Ophthalmol 2003 May;106(3):231-8
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610-0126, USA.
The purpose of our study was to determine changes in amplitudes and implicit times of retinal and cortical pattern evoked potentials with increasing body weight in young, growing rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Retinal and cortical pattern evoked potentials were recorded from 29 male rhesus macaques between 3 and 7 years of age. Thirteen animals were reexamined after 11 months. Computed tomography (CT) was performed on two animals to measure the distance between the location of the skin electrode and the surface of the striate cortex. Spearman correlation coefficients were calculated to describe the relationship between body weights and either root mean square (rms) amplitudes or implicit times. For 13 animals rms amplitudes and implicit times were compared with the Wilcoxon matched pairs signed rank test for recordings taken 11 months apart. Highly significant correlations between increases in body weights and decreases in cortical rms amplitudes were noted in 29 monkeys (p < 0.0005). No significant changes were found in the cortical rms amplitudes in thirteen monkeys over 11 months. Computed tomography showed a large increase of soft tissue thickness over the skull and striate cortex with increased body weight. The decreased amplitude in cortical evoked potentials with weight gain associated with aging can be explained by the increased distance between skin electrode and striate cortex due to soft tissue thickening (passive attenuation).