FEMS Yeast Res 2002 Jan;1(4):279-89
Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Three molecular methods, RAPD-PCR analysis, electrophoretic karyotyping and RFLP of the PCR-amplified ITS regions (ITS1, ITS2 and the intervening 5.8S rDNA), were studied for accurate identification of Hanseniaspora and Kloeckera species as well as for determining inter- and intraspecific relationships of 74 strains isolated from different sources and/or geographically distinct regions. Of these three methods, PCR-RFLP analysis of ITS regions with restriction enzymes DdeI and HinfI is proposed as a rapid identification method to discriminate unambiguously between all six Hanseniaspora species and the single non-ascospore-forming apiculate yeast species Kloeckera lindneri. Electrophoretic karyotyping produced chromosomal profiles by which the seven species could be divided into four groups sharing similar karyotypes. Although most of the 60 strains examined exhibited a common species-specific pattern, a different degree of chromosomal-length polymorphism and a variable number of chromosomal DNA fragments were observed within species. Cluster analysis of the combined RAPD-PCR fingerprints obtained with one 10-mer primer, two microsatellite primers and one minisatellite primer generated clusters which with a few exceptions are in agreement with the groups as earlier recognized in DNA-DNA homology studies.