Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2003 Feb 11;123(1):22-7. Epub 2003 Jan 11.
Department of Trauma and Sports Medicine, University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.
Background: Distal radius fracture often presents a metaphyseal void which is more extended in elderly, osteoporotic patients. Bone graft and bone substitutes are reported to be beneficial in maintaining metaphyseal reduction.
Methods: We performed a prospective study on 52 menopausal, osteoporotic women with unstable intra-articular distal radius fractures to compare the outcome of percutaneous pinning and immobilisation in a cast for 6 weeks with that using injectable calcium phosphate bone cement (Norian Skeletal Repair System, SRS) to supplement pin and screw fixation and immobilisation in a cast for 3 weeks. All patients were reviewed 2 years (range 21-29 months) after surgery.
Results: Patients treated with SRS had better functional outcome, restoration of movement and grip strength ( p<0.001). In this group there was 1 mm loss of radial length, 3 degrees loss of radial inclination and 7 degrees loss of palmar tilt. In the control group radial length decreased 3 mm, radial inclination decreased 11 degrees and palmar tilt 12 degrees. Loss of reduction was significantly higher in the control group ( p<0.001).
Conclusion: We conclude that the use of Norian SRS to supplement pin and screw fixation is effective in maintaining the reduction of unstable intra-articular distal radius fractures in osteoporotic patients and provides a better clinical outcome than percutaneous pinning.