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Treatment of depression among impoverished primary care patients from ethnic minority groups.

Psychiatr Serv 2003 Feb;54(2):219-25

San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, USA.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether supplementing traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression with clinical case management would reduce the rate of dropout from care and improve outcomes for ethnically diverse, impoverished medical outpatients.

Methods: The study was a randomized trial that compared cognitive-behavioral group psychotherapy alone (N=103) with the same therapy supplemented by clinical case management (N=96).

Results: The patients who received supplemental case management had lower dropout rates than those who received cognitive-behavioral group therapy alone. Supplemental case management was associated with greater improvement in symptoms and functioning than cognitive-behavioral therapy alone for patients whose first language was Spanish (N=77) but was less effective for those whose first language was English (N=122).

Conclusions: Supplemental case management improves retention in traditional mental health outpatient care and can improve outcomes for Spanish-speaking patients.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.54.2.219DOI Listing
February 2003
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