Mol Cell 2003 Jan;11(1):139-50
Department of Physiology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3G 1Y6.
LCoR (ligand-dependent corepressor) is a transcriptional corepressor widely expressed in fetal and adult tissues that is recruited to agonist-bound nuclear receptors through a single LXXLL motif. LCoR binding to estrogen receptor alpha depends in part on residues in the coactivator binding pocket distinct from those bound by TIF-2. Repression by LCoR is abolished by histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A in a receptor-dependent fashion, indicating HDAC-dependent and -independent modes of action. LCoR binds directly to specific HDACs in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, LCoR functions by recruiting C-terminal binding protein corepressors through two consensus binding motifs and colocalizes with CtBPs in the nucleus. LCoR represents a class of corepressor that attenuates agonist-activated nuclear receptor signaling by multiple mechanisms.