Immunity 2003 Jan;18(1):141-54
Department of Medical Genetics and Microbiology, University of Toronto, 600 University Avenue, Toronto, M5G 1X5 Ontario, Canada.
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp) couples actin cytoskeletal rearrangement to T cell activation, but the mechanisms involved are unknown. Here, we show that antigen-induced formation of T cell:APC conjugates and synapses is abrogated in WASp-deficient T cells and that CD2 engagement evokes interactions between the proline-rich region required for WASp translocation to the synapse and the PSTPIP1 adaptor SH3 domain and between the PSTPIp1 coiled-coil domain and both CD2 and another CD2-binding adaptor, CD2AP. The induced colocalization of these proteins at the synapse is disrupted by expression of coiled-coil domain-deleted PSTPIP1. These data, together with the impairment in CD2-induced actin polymerization observed in WASp-deficient cells, suggest that PSTPIP1 acts downstream of CD2/CD2AP to link CD2 engagement to the WASp-evoked actin polymerization required for synapse formation and T cell activation.